The portal of health, United Kingdom NHS Choices, has recently published an article in which he speaks of some of the foods you should not eat babies under the age of 1 year. It is important to know what are these foods for the health of our little ones. In The Naked Kitchen we have already spoken of some of the food that presents the report from NHS Choices, such as sugar, on which you can expand your information by reading our article: “treats: poisoning the children“. Below, I list some of the other foods included in the list, and that we must avoid giving to the little ones.
Numerous studies, such as the one published in 2006 by Heird and co-workers, point out that babies between 6 and 11 months, consume a dose of salt that exceed 33% of the recommendations. The salt must be avoided, since it is harmful to the kidneys of the young. Only from the year, you can include a little bit of salt, better iodized, in your diet. In the same way, and because of its high salt content, you are advised not to use stock cubes or sauces in the feeding of babies.
Babies do not need sugar. Foods sugary, especially the drinks, favor the occurrence of tooth decay. To sweeten the foods we can make use of many fruits, or breast milk.
If we give honey to small thinking that so benefit from their supposed medicinal properties, need to know that in 2010 the European Authority for Food Safety published a report in which he concludes that there is no scientific evidence to support these beliefs. In addition, its sugar content is similar to white sugar, its consumption will favor equally to the increase in cases of dental caries. If these are not enough reasons, the consumption of honey can lead to botulism, because this substance may contain bacteria capable of producing toxins in the digestive system.
Although they are very beneficial for your health, you should avoid to manage them whole as they can cause choking. Discourages its consumption to children under the age of 5 years, and, in the case of a given test before that age, you are advised to always be under the supervision of an adult.
- Foods low fat or low in fat
The children are in full growth, and fats are essential as a source of calories, and as foods that are usually accompanied by some fat-soluble vitamins. Therefore, it is advised that children take whole foods and avoid giving them those foods that are low in fat.
- Certain fish and seafood
Due to the levels of mercury present in some fish, NHs Choices advises against the consumption of species like swordfish, marlin or shark. The Ministry of Health of Spain adds to the list the bluefin tuna and the pike. The mercury is present in the waters due to the high pollution of the environment and fish accumulate throughout your life, so that species of large size, longer life than others, they have higher levels of this element. Is also discouraged the consumption of crustaceans in the usual way, since these have significant levels of cadmium, another heavy metal that accumulates in the body, especially in the liver, and the kidneys, and can cause serious medical conditions.
- Raw foods of animal origin
Raw foods, such as eggs, fish and some meat products, can lead to infection by bacteria which release toxins, so that their consumption is strongly discouraged in infants and in adults.
- Spinach, borage and swiss chard
The Ministry of Health, Spanish, advised to control the amounts that we give babies these foods. The nitrates present in the vegetables, especially the green leaf, are transformed into nitrites in our body. At high concentrations, this compound may cause methemoglobinemia, which is manifested as a bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood.
The algae can be present high concentrations of iodine, which increases the risk of damage in the organism of children and adults. In terms of beverages of rice, usually contain elevated levels of arsenic, which is a compound present in many beverages and foods, but the levels found in rice are of concern, so the rice milk should avoid being administered to infants and children.
NHS Choices advised not to give small food devoid of nutritional value and rich in saturated fats and sugars, as is the case of cakes, pastries, chips, etc, Unfortunately, in countries such as Spain, this junk food is each time more present in the snacks and dinners of the little ones.